HTML Character Entity References

This is a list of HTML Characters that can be used to create web pages.

Name Usage 1 Usage 2 Symbol Description
nbsp     " " no-break space = non-breaking space
iexcl ¡ ¡ "¡" inverted exclamation mark
cent ¢ ¢ "¢" cent sign
pound £ £ "£" pound sign
curren ¤ ¤ "¤" currency sign
yen ¥ ¥ "¥" yen sign = yuan sign
brvbar ¦ ¦ "¦" broken bar = broken vertical bar
sect § § "§" section sign
uml ¨ ¨ "¨" diaeresis = spacing diaeresis
copy © © "©" copyright sign
ordf ª ª "ª" feminine ordinal indicator
laquo « « "«" left-pointing double angle quotation mark
= left pointing guillemet
not ¬ ¬ "¬" not sign
shy ­ ­ "­" soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen
reg ® ® "®" registered sign = registered trade mark sign
macr ¯ ¯ "¯" macron = spacing macron
= overline = APL overbar
deg ° ° "°" degree sign
plusmn ± ± "±" plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign
sup2 ² ² "²" superscript two = superscript digit two
= squared
sup3 ³ ³ "³" superscript three = superscript digit three
= cubed
acute ´ ´ "´" acute accent = spacing acute
micro µ µ "µ" micro sign
para ¶ ¶ "¶" pilcrow sign = paragraph sign
middot · · "·" middle dot = Georgian comma
= Greek middle dot
cedil ¸ ¸ "¸" cedilla = spacing cedilla
sup1 ¹ ¹ "¹" superscript one = superscript digit one
ordm º º "º" masculine ordinal indicator
raquo » » "»" right-pointing double angle quotation mark
= right pointing guillemet
frac14 ¼ ¼ "¼" vulgar fraction one quarter
= fraction one quarter
frac12 ½ ½ "½" vulgar fraction one half
= fraction one half
frac34 ¾ ¾ "¾" vulgar fraction three quarters
= fraction three quarters
iquest ¿ ¿ "¿" inverted question mark
= turned question mark
Agrave À À "À" latin capital letter A with grave
= latin capital letter A grave
Aacute Á Á "Á" latin capital letter A with acute
Acirc   "Â" latin capital letter A with circumflex
Atilde à à "Ã" latin capital letter A with tilde
Auml Ä Ä "Ä" latin capital letter A with diaeresis
Aring Å Å "Å" latin capital letter A with ring above
= latin capital letter A ring
AElig Æ Æ "Æ" latin capital letter AE
= latin capital ligature AE
Ccedil Ç Ç "Ç" latin capital letter C with cedilla
Egrave È È "È" latin capital letter E with grave
Eacute É É "É" latin capital letter E with acute
Ecirc Ê Ê "Ê" latin capital letter E with circumflex
Euml Ë Ë "Ë" latin capital letter E with diaeresis
Igrave Ì Ì "Ì" latin capital letter I with grave
Iacute Í Í "Í" latin capital letter I with acute
Icirc Î Î "Î" latin capital letter I with circumflex
Iuml Ï Ï "Ï" latin capital letter I with diaeresis
ETH Ð Ð "Ð" latin capital letter ETH
Ntilde Ñ Ñ "Ñ" latin capital letter N with tilde
Ograve Ò Ò "Ò" latin capital letter O with grave
Oacute Ó Ó "Ó" latin capital letter O with acute
Ocirc Ô Ô "Ô" latin capital letter O with circumflex
Otilde Õ Õ "Õ" latin capital letter O with tilde
Ouml Ö Ö "Ö" latin capital letter O with diaeresis
times × × "×" multiplication sign
Oslash Ø Ø "Ø" latin capital letter O with stroke
= latin capital letter O slash
Ugrave Ù Ù "Ù" latin capital letter U with grave
Uacute Ú Ú "Ú" latin capital letter U with acute
Ucirc Û Û "Û" latin capital letter U with circumflex
Uuml Ü Ü "Ü" latin capital letter U with diaeresis
Yacute Ý Ý "Ý" latin capital letter Y with acute
THORN Þ Þ "Þ" latin capital letter THORN
szlig ß ß "ß" latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed
agrave à à "à" latin small letter a with grave
= latin small letter a grave
aacute á á "á" latin small letter a with acute
acirc â â "â" latin small letter a with circumflex
atilde ã ã "ã" latin small letter a with tilde
auml ä ä "ä" latin small letter a with diaeresis
aring å å "å" latin small letter a with ring above
= latin small letter a ring
aelig æ æ "æ" latin small letter ae
= latin small ligature ae
ccedil ç ç "ç" latin small letter c with cedilla
egrave è è "è" latin small letter e with grave
eacute é é "é" latin small letter e with acute
ecirc ê ê "ê" latin small letter e with circumflex
euml ë ë "ë" latin small letter e with diaeresis
igrave ì ì "ì" latin small letter i with grave
iacute í í "í" latin small letter i with acute
icirc î î "î" latin small letter i with circumflex
iuml ï ï "ï" latin small letter i with diaeresis
eth ð ð "ð" latin small letter eth
ntilde ñ ñ "ñ" latin small letter n with tilde
ograve ò ò "ò" latin small letter o with grave
oacute ó ó "ó" latin small letter o with acute
ocirc ô ô "ô" latin small letter o with circumflex
otilde õ õ "õ" latin small letter o with tilde
ouml ö ö "ö" latin small letter o with diaeresis
divide ÷ ÷ "÷" division sign
oslash ø ø "ø" latin small letter o with stroke
= latin small letter o slash
ugrave ù ù "ù" latin small letter u with grave
uacute ú ú "ú" latin small letter u with acute
ucirc û û "û" latin small letter u with circumflex
uuml ü ü "ü" latin small letter u with diaeresis
yacute ý ý "ý" latin small letter y with acute
thorn þ þ "þ" latin small letter thorn
yuml ÿ ÿ "ÿ" latin small letter y with diaeresis
Symbols - Mathematical
Latin Extended-B
fn &fn; ƒ "ƒ`" latin small f with hook = function = florin
Alpha Α Α "Α" greek capital letter alpha
Beta Β Β "Β" greek capital letter beta
Gamma Γ Γ "Γ" greek capital letter gamma
Delta Δ Δ "Δ" greek capital letter delta
Epsilon Ε Ε "Ε" greek capital letter epsilon
Zeta Ζ Ζ "Ζ" greek capital letter zeta
Eta Η Η "Η" greek capital letter eta
Theta Θ Θ "Θ" greek capital letter theta
Iota Ι Ι "Ι" greek capital letter iota
Kappa Κ Κ "Κ" greek capital letter kappa
Lambda Λ Λ "Λ" greek capital letter lambda
Mu Μ Μ "Μ" greek capital letter mu
Nu Ν Ν "Ν" greek capital letter nu
Xi Ξ Ξ "Ξ" greek capital letter xi
Omicron Ο Ο "Ο" greek capital letter omicron
Pi Π Π "Π" greek capital letter pi
Rho Ρ Ρ "Ρ" greek capital letter rho
Sigma Σ Σ "Σ" greek capital letter sigma
Tau Τ Τ "Τ" greek capital letter tau
Upsilon Υ Υ "Υ" greek capital letter upsilon
Phi Φ Φ "Φ" greek capital letter phi
Chi Χ Χ "Χ" greek capital letter chi
Psi Ψ Ψ "Ψ" greek capital letter psi
Omega Ω Ω "Ω" greek capital letter omega
alpha α α "α" greek small letter alpha
beta β β "β" greek small letter beta
gamma γ γ "γ" greek small letter gamma
delta δ δ "δ" greek small letter delta
epsilon ε ε "ε" greek small letter epsilon
zeta ζ ζ "ζ" greek small letter zeta
eta η η "η" greek small letter eta
theta θ θ "θ" greek small letter theta
iota ι ι "ι" greek small letter iota
kappa κ κ "κ" greek small letter kappa
lambda λ λ "λ" greek small letter lambda
mu μ μ "μ" greek small letter mu
nu ν ν "ν" greek small letter nu
xi ξ ξ "ξ" greek small letter xi
omicron ο ο "ο" greek small letter omicron
pi π π "π" greek small letter pi
rho ρ ρ "ρ" greek small letter rho
sigmaf ς ς "ς" greek small letter final sigma
sigma σ σ "σ" greek small letter sigma
tau τ τ "τ" greek small letter tau
upsilon υ υ "υ" greek small letter upsilon
phi φ φ "φ" greek small letter phi
chi χ χ "χ" greek small letter chi
psi ψ ψ "ψ" greek small letter psi
omega ω ω "ω" greek small letter omega
thetasym ϑ ϑ "ϑ" greek small letter theta symbol
upsih ϒ ϒ "ϒ" greek upsilon with hook symbol
piv ϖ ϖ "ϖ" greek pi symbol
General Punctuation
bull • • "•" bullet = black small circle
hellip … … "…" horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader
prime ′ ′ "′" prime = minutes = feet
Prime ″ ″ "″" double prime = seconds = inches
oline ‾ ‾ "‾" overline = spacing overscore
frasl ⁄ ⁄ "⁄" fraction slash
Letterlike Symbols
weierp ℘ ℘ "℘" script capital P = power set
= Weierstrass p
image ℑ ℑ "ℑ" blackletter capital I = imaginary part
real ℜ ℜ "ℜ" blackletter capital R = real part symbol
trade ™ ™ "™" trade mark sign
alefsym ℵ ℵ "ℵ" alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal
alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef
larr ← ← "←" leftwards arrow
uarr ↑ ↑ "↑" upwards arrow
rarr → → "→" rightwards arrow
darr ↓ ↓ "↓" downwards arrow
harr ↔ ↔ "↔" left right arrow
crarr ↵ ↵ "↵" downwards arrow with corner leftwards
= carriage return
lArr ⇐ ⇐ "⇐" leftwards double arrow
uArr ⇑ ⇑ "⇑" upwards double arrow
rArr ⇒ ⇒ "⇒" rightwards double arrow
dArr ⇓ ⇓ "⇓" downwards double arrow
hArr ⇔ ⇔ "⇔" left right double arrow
Mathematical Operators
forall ∀ ∀ "∀" for all
part ∂ ∂ "∂" partial differential
exist ∃ ∃ "∃" there exists
empty ∅ ∅ "∅" empty set = null set = diameter
nabla ∇ ∇ "∇" nabla = backward difference
isin ∈ ∈ "∈" element of
notin ∉ ∉ "∉" not an element of
ni ∋ ∋ "∋" contains as member
prod ∏ ∏ "∏" n-ary product = product sign
sum ∑ ∑ "∑" n-ary sumation
minus − − "−" minus sign
lowast ∗ ∗ "∗" asterisk operator
radic √ √ "√" square root = radical sign
prop ∝ ∝ "∝" proportional to
infin ∞ ∞ "∞" infinity
ang ∠ ∠ "∠" angle
and ∧ ∧ "∧" logical and = wedge
or ∨ ∨ "∨" logical or = vee
cap ∩ ∩ "∩" intersection = cap
cup ∪ ∪ "∪" union = cup
int ∫ ∫ "∫" integral
there4 ∴ ∴ "∴" therefore
sim ∼ ∼ "∼" tilde operator = varies with = similar to
tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde
although the same glyph might be used to represent both
cong ≅ ≅ "≅" approximately equal to
asymp ≈ ≈ "≈" almost equal to = asymptotic to
ne ≠ ≠ "≠" not equal to
equiv ≡ ≡ "≡" identical to
le ≤ ≤ "≤" less-than or equal to
ge ≥ ≥ "≥" greater-than or equal to
sub ⊂ ⊂ "⊂" subset of
sup ⊃ ⊃ "⊃" superset of
note that nsup font encoding
and is not included. Should it be It is in ISOamsn
nsub ⊄ ⊄ "⊄" not a subset of
sube ⊆ ⊆ "⊆" subset of or equal to
supe ⊇ ⊇ "⊇" superset of or equal to
oplus ⊕ ⊕ "⊕" circled plus = direct sum
otimes ⊗ ⊗ "⊗" circled times = vector product
perp ⊥ ⊥ "⊥" up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular
sdot ⋅ ⋅ "⋅" dot operator
dot operator is NOT the same character as
Miscellaneous Technical
lceil ⌈ ⌈ "⌈" left ceiling = apl upstile
rceil ⌉ ⌉ "⌉" right ceiling
lfloor ⌊ ⌊ "⌊" left floor = apl downstile
rfloor ⌋ ⌋ "⌋" right floor
lang ⟨ 〈 "〈" left-pointing angle bracket
rang ⟩ 〉 "〉" right-pointing angle bracket = ket
Geometric Shapes
loz ◊ ◊ "◊" lozenge
Miscellaneous Symbols
spades ♠ ♠ "♠" black spade suit
clubs ♣ ♣ "♣" black club suit = shamrock
hearts ♥ ♥ "♥" black heart suit = valentine
diams ♦ ♦ "♦" black diamond suit
Special characters for HTML
**C0 Controls and Basic Latin
quot " " """ quotation mark = APL quote
amp &`` & "&" ampersand
lt &lt; &#60; "<" less-than sign
gt &gt; &#62; ">" greater-than sign
Latin Extended-A
OElig &OElig; &#338; "Œ" latin capital ligature OE
oelig &oelig; &#339; "œ" latin small ligature oe
Scaron &Scaron; &#352; "Š" latin capital letter S with caron
scaron &scaron; &#353; "š" latin small letter s with caron
Yuml &Yuml; &#376; "Ÿ" latin capital letter Y with diaeresis
Spacing Modifier Letters
circ &circ; &#710; "ˆ" modifier letter circumflex accent
tilde &tilde; &#732; "˜" small tilde
General Punctuation
ensp &ensp; &#8194; " " en space
emsp &emsp; &#8195; " " em space
thinsp &thinsp; &#8201; " " thin space
zwnj &zwnj; &#8204; "‌" zero width non-joiner
zwj &zwj; &#8205; "‍" zero width joiner
lrm &lrm; &#8206; "‎" left-to-right mark
rlm &rlm; &#8207; "‏" right-to-left mark
ndash &ndash; &#8211; "–" en dash
mdash &mdash; &#8212; "—" em dash
lsquo &lsquo; &#8216; "‘" left single quotation mark
rsquo &rsquo; &#8217; "’" right single quotation mark
sbquo &sbquo; &#8218; "‚" single low-9 quotation mark
ldquo &ldquo; &#8220; "“" left double quotation mark
rdquo &rdquo; &#8221; "”" right double quotation mark
bdquo &bdquo; &#8222; "„" double low-9 quotation mark
dagger &dagger; &#8224; "†" dagger
Dagger &Dagger; &#8225; "‡" double dagger
permil &permil; &#8240; "‰" per mille sign
lsaquo &lsaquo; &#8249; "‹" single left-pointing angle quotation mark
rsaquo &rsaquo; &#8250; "›" single right-pointing angle quotation mark
euro &euro; &#8364; "€" euro sign

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